Today is


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Catfish

 

 


 

Catfish

Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Siluriformes
Families

Akysidae
Amblycipitidae
Amphiliidae
Ariidae
Aspredinidae
Astroblepidae
Auchenipteridae
Bagridae
Callichthyidae
Cetopsidae
Chacidae
Clariidae
Claroteidae
Cranoglanididae
Diplomystidae
Doradidae
Hypophthalmidae
Ictaluridae
Loricariidae
Malapteruridae
Mochokidae
Nematogenyidae
Pangasiidae
Parakysidae
Pimelodidae
Plotosidae
Schilbeidae
Scoloplacidae
Siluridae
Sisoridae
Trichomycteridae

Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of fish. Notable for their prominent barbels, they are found in freshwater environments of all kinds, with species on every continent except Antarctica. Some species from the families Ariidae and Plotosidae are also found in marine environs. They range in size and behavior from the largest freshwater fish in the world (the European wels, or Silurus glanis), to detritivores (species that eat dead material on the bottom), and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru (Vandellia cirrhosa). At present there are 35 catfish families, although this number is in constant flux due to taxonomic work on the order.

They belong to a superorder called the Ostariophysi, which also includes the Cypriniformes, Characiformes, and Gymnotiformes (although some place Gymnotiformes as a sub-order of Siluriformes).

Catfish have no scales. All catfish, except members of Malapteruridae (electric catfish), possess a strong, hollow, bonified leading ray on their dorsal and pectoral fins, through which a stinging protein can be delivered if the fish is irritated. In members of the family Plotosidae, and of the genus Heteropneustes, this protein is so strong it may hospitalize humans unfortunate enough to receive a sting.

Catfish are important food fish throughout the world. Ictalurids are cultivated in North America (especially in the Deep South), while Clariids and Pangasiids are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. There is also a large and growing ornamental fish trade, with catfish a popular component of many aquaria.

In the United States, June 25 is National Catfish Day.

Examples of catfish species:

 


 


Culinary News

Visit our Food and Beverage News Page containing:

Drinks and Beverage News

Hospitality Industry News

Food Industry News

Food and Drink News (Consumer)

 
Sponsored Links


Cooking Schools

For a small selection of schools in your area see: US Culinary Schools

 
Food Encyclopedia

 


 

 

 
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details). Disclaimers. Wikipedia is powered by MediaWiki, an open source wiki engine..

Questions or Comments?
Copyright 2005 EDinformatics.com
All Rights Reserved.