is a variety (Botrytis Group) of Brassica oleracea
in the family Brassicaceae. Cauliflower
resembles broccoli, to which it is closely
related, except with very densely packed white flower buds. Only the head of the
cauliflower is eaten, a part known as the white curd. This stalk is surrounded
at the base by thick, green leaves.
is a source of nutritional vitamins and minerals. Cauliflower is most commonly
eaten cooked, but it may also be eaten raw or pickled, and is often sold in that
form commercially with pickled
onions and pickles (pickled
to the United
States Department of Agriculture, cauliflower provides 94% of Vitamin C for
a PDV based on a 2000 calorie diet. It is also an important source of protein, thiamin, riboflavin,
niacin, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc, and a very good source of dietary
fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate,
pantothenic acid, and
This food is low in saturated fat, and very
low in cholesterol (less than 1g
2003, Britain's Department
for International Development released a study showing that cauliflower in
India had high concentrations of heavy metals such as lead, cadmium and zinc, far exceeding
those permissible under Indian law. On September 23, 2002, a 17-year-old boy died
after eating a small cauliflower he plucked from a field in Chandigarh, India,
although it is believed that his death was due to pesticides that were sprayed
on the cauliflower, and not the cauliflower itself.
soon as the head appears, gardeners tie the plant's leaves over the head in order
to blanch it, a process allowing it to stay white. They must harvest the plant
once it has reached what they presume to be its full size and ripeness, but they
are careful not to wait too long, or else it will flower.
vegetable requires a cool, moist climate. If temperatures go too high, the plants
will not produce flower heads. If too low a temperature is reached, the plants
creating small heads.
it is grown
of the vegetable produced in the United States come from the state of California.
and cauliflower have been recently crossed to create a vegetable called broccoflower, with very pale
green heads densely packed like cauliflower, but with the flavour of broccoli.