(Cichorium endiva) is a leaf vegetable used especially
in salads. It is often confused with
the closely related chicory.
are three main varieties of endive: Belgian endive, curly endive and escarole.
endive (also known as French endive and witlof) has a small head of cream-coloured
bitter leaves. It is grown completely underground
to avoid the leaves turning green and opening up. This is extensive manual work,
as the plant has to be kept just below the dirt surface as it grows, only showing
the very tip of the leaves.
endive (sometimes mistakenly called chicory in the United
States) has green, rimmed, curly outer leaves. Curly endive is also know as
has broad, pale green leaves and is less bitter than the other varieties.