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Guava Fruit

 

 


Guava
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Myrtales
Family:Myrtaceae
Genus:Psidium
Species

About 100 species, including:
Psidium cattleianum - Strawberry Guava
Psidium friedrichsthalium -
Psidium guajava - Apple Guava
Psidium guineense - Guinea Guava
Psidium littorale - Cattley Guava
Psidium montanum - Mountain Guava

Guava (from Spanish; Goiaba in Portuguese) is a genus of about 100 species of tropical shrubs and small trees in the myrtle family Myrtaceae, native to the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America. The leaves are opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate, 5-15 cm long. The flowers are white, with five petals and numerous stamens.

Strawberry Guava Psidium cattleianum
Strawberry Guava Psidium cattleianum

The fruit is edible, round to pear-shaped, from 3-10 cm in diameter (to 12 cm in some selected cultivars). It has a thin delicate rind, pale green to yellow at maturity in some species, pink to red in others, a creamy white or orange-salmon flesh with many small hard seeds, and a strong characteristic aroma which people either love or hate. It is rich in vitamins A, B, and C.

Cultivation and uses

Guavas are cultivated in many tropical countries because of their edible fruits. Several species are grown commercially; those listed in the box right are the most important. The fruit is commonly eaten whole, like an apple, or sliced and served with sugar and cream as a dessert. In Asia, raw guava is often dipped in salt or prune powder. Boiled guava is also extensively used to make candies, preserves, jellies, jams, marmalades (goiabada), and juices.

Guava fruit
Guava fruit

The plants are frost-sensitive. In several tropical regions, some species have become invasive weed shrubs, including Hawaii. It is also of interest for home growers in temperate areas, as one of the very few tropical fruit that can be grown to fruiting size in pots indoors.


See also

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