of berry skin
any case the wines produced are nearly always dry. They
can be tannic and fruity with moderate, or decidedly
low, levels of acidity and are typically meant to be
consumed one to two years after release.
light easy drinking red wine that pairs well with pastas
and pizza dishes
di Dogliani, Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba
suggests that the grape originated in France and was brought
to Monferrato some time in the eleventh century.
A competing theory has the grape originating in the Piedmontese
village of Dogliani.
In 1593 an ordinance of the municipality of Dogliani which forbade
the harvesting of dozzetti grapes earlier than Saint
Matthews Day, unless an exceptional authorisation had been granted,
has been taken to refer to this variety, which is still known
in local dialects. A
document of 1633 records the presence of Dolcetto in the cellars
of the Arboreo family of Valenza. In 1700 BarnabÃ
Centurione sent the wine as a gift to King George II of Great
is found in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy, where many
of the top estates produce Dolcetto on less favoured sites as
an "early to market wine" to generate some income for the winery
while the Nebbiolo and Barbera are being matured.
It is particularly associated with the towns of Dogliani and
Diano d'Alba in the province of Cuneo, although the greatest
volumes come from around Alba and Ovada. The grape is also found
in Liguria under the name Ormeasco, and in the Oltrepò Pavese
where it is called Nebbiolo or Nibièu.
one of the 100% Dolcetto DOCs have two levels, the "standard"
version typically requiring a minimum 11.5% ABV, the Superiore
are Dolcetto di Dogliani (DOCG since 2005), Dolcetto d'Acqui,
Dolcetto d'Alba, Dolcetto d'Asti, Dolcetto delle Langhe Monregalesi,
Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba, Dolcetto d'Ovada and Langhe Dolcetto
(no Superiore). Riviera Ligure di
Ponente Ormeasco requires >95% Dolcetto/Ormeasco; Colli Tortonesi
Dolcetto, Monferrato Dolcetto and Pineronese Dolcetto a minimum
of 85%, and Valsusa a minimum of 60%. Golfo Del Tigullio
requires 20-70%, while Lago di Corbara and Rosso Orvietano can
contain up to 20% Dolcetto.
of Italy Dolcetto is known as Douce Noire in Savoie and
Charbono in California.
However, DNA fingerprinting done at the University of California,
Davis have shown that the actual Douce Noire and Charbono
vines are not, in fact, Dolcetto but two different vines.
In spite of this confirmation, some plantings of true Dolcetto
vines still retain the local synonyms in some areas of Savoie
was first brought to California by expatriate Italians and is
most popular in Mendocino County, Russian River Valley AVA,
Napa Valley AVA, Santa Cruz Mountains AVA, Sta. Rita Hills AVA,
and Santa Barbara County. There is also some plantings in the
Oregon AVAs of Umpqua Valley AVA and Southern Oregon AVA as
well as the state wide appellations of New Mexico and Pennsylvania.
is home to the oldest current plantings of Dolcetto with vines
dating back to the 1860s.
di Dogliani, and Dolcetto di Dogliani Superiore are Italian
red wines produced in the Langhe using only the Dolcetto grape
variety. The wines were recognized as DOC in 1974. In 2005 the
original DOC for Dolcetto di Dogliani Superiore was revoked
and replaced by a DOCG; this wine, which can also be sold under
the name Dogliano is made within a more limited zone than the
DOC and the yield of grapes is restricted to 70 quintals per
hectare. Furthermore, to qualify for the DOCG status the wines
must be aged for at least one year. The vineyards are restricted
to the hilly areas within the boundaries of the communes of
Bastia Mondovì, Belvedere Langhe, Cigliè, Clavesana, Dogliani,
Farigliano, Monchiero and Rocca Cigliè, plus parts of the communes
of Cissone and Somano.
wines are known for black cherry and licorice flavors with some
prunes and a characteristically bitter finish reminiscent of
almonds. While the name implies sweetness, the wines are normally
dry. The tannic nature of the grape contributes to a characteristic
bitter finish. The dark purple
skin of Dolcetto grapes have high amounts of anthocyanins in
them which require only a short maceration time with the skin
to produce a dark colored wine. The amount of skin contact affects
the resulting tannin levels in the wine with most winemakers
preferring to limit maceration time to as short as possible. During fermentation
the wine is prone to the wine fault of reduction.
Dolcetto is considered a light easy drinking red wine that pairs
well with pastas and pizza dishes.
Science of Wine Aroma
the Acids in Wine
(Tannins) in Wine
The Basic Wine Pairing Rules
Science of Food and Wine
a Wine Sommelier
- Dolcetto, Associazione italiana sommeliers: Sezione territoriale
Trentino. A report of a presentation given by Roberto
Perrici in Trento at the Palazzo Roccabruna on 27 February
O. Clarke Encyclopedia of Grapes pg 86 Harcourt
J. Robinson Vines, Grapes & Wines pg 209 Mitchell
Beazley Publishing 1986
K. MacNeil The Wine Bible pg 332 Workman Publishing
- Dolcetto di Dogliani: Il principe dei vini doglianesi, Comune
di Dogliani, 2004.
- Dolcetto, Consorzio di tutela Barolo Barbaresco Alba Langhe
Centurione was marquis of Morsasco where Dolcetto di Ovada
is still produced today. See Morsasco, Alessandria: 190 Comuni, Provincia di Alessandria,
Dipartimento Economia e Sviluppo
Robinson "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition
pg 233 Oxford University Press 2006
- Vitigno Dolcetto, Agricoltura in Piemonte: Vini, Regione Piemonte.
- "Banca Dati Vini DOC, DOCG". http://www.politicheagricole.it/SettoriAgroalimentari/Vitivinicolo/Vino/vinidocdocgelencovitigno.htm?codvitigno=73&vitigno=dolcetto. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
America Dolcetto Details
delle Politiche Agricole e Forestiale, Disciplinare di Produzione. Decree of 6 July 2005, published
in the Gazzetta
Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana, of 23 July
O. Clarke Encyclopedia of Grapes pg 87 Harcourt
Per-Henrik Mansson "Light Makes Right" Wine Spectator October 31, 1995
Maul, Erika; Reinhard; Eibach,
Rudolf (2007). "Vitis International Variety Catalogue". Institute for Grapevine
Breeding Geilweilerhof (IRZ), Siebeldingen, Germany. http://www.vivc.de/.