of Muscat Grapes
Blanc Petits Grains (also called Muscat Blanc, Muscat Canelli,
Muscat Frontignan, Moscato Bianco, Muscat de Frontignan,
Muscat d'Alsace, Muskateller, Moscatel de Grano Menudo,
Moscatel Rose, Muscat Lunel. This grape is used for the
wines: Asti, clairette de die, and muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise.
It is also used for some Tokaji wines.
Rose Petit Grains, Muscat Rouge Ã Petit Grains, Moscato
Giallo (or Goldmuskateller), Moscato Rosa (or Rosenmuskateller)
are thought to be closely related colored versions of Muscat
Blanc Petits Grains.
de SetÃºbal and Moscatel de Favaios are the most widely
consumed varieties in Portugal, usually served in bars or
as an aperitif at restaurants.
of Alexandria (also called Moscatel, Moscatel Romano, Moscatel
de MÃ¡laga, Muscat Gordo Blanco, Hanepoot, Lexia, Moscatel,
Gordo, and Zibibbo) This grape is used for sherry, moscatel
or muscatel wines, Moscatel de Valencia, Muscatel Passito
and other Muscatel liqueurs and also as a raisin and table
Ottonel (also called Moskately) Used for dessert wines in
Romania, Bulgaria, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, and Ukraine,
and dry wines in Alsace, Slovakia and Hungary.
Muscat (also called Muscat Hamburg, Moscato di Amburgo)
Used for some Eastern European wine but mainly for table
grapes in Italy and Australia. A dessert wine made from
this grape is produced in California and Cyprus.
Muscat. Used for dessert wines in California and Australia.
Not surprisingly, has something of an orange aroma.
Crocant. Used for dessert wine of the same name (Muskat
Krokan) in Serbia, where it grows only on Pearl Island (Biserno
Ostrvo) on Tisza River.
Muscat. The most widespread new wine cultivar in Czech Republic.
there are a couple of hundred Muscat varieties recorded, with
many overlapping synonyms.
and sparkling wines
grapes are one of the major varieties grown for table wine
in Chile, and is a minor variety in California and Italy.
In Italy, it is widely used in sweeter sparkling wines like
Asti. Their 'grapey' quality makes many wines made from Muscat
easy to identify. Moscato d'Asti is a lightly sparkling (frizzante)
variety of Muscat, made from the Moscato Bianco (Muscato Canelli)
grape of the Piedmont region of Italy. This region has a DOCG
designation, and is also known for the production of Barbera
d'Asti, Dolcetto d'Asti, and Asti Spumante. In Lithuania,
it is also used for making a sparkling wine called Alita.
and fortified wines
grapes are used to make a variety of sweet dessert wines in
various parts of the world. Typically, these are fortified
wines, though some sweet late harvest and noble rot wines
are also made from Muscat grapes. Officially, Muscato is not
classified as a dessert wine.
is widely grown in Portugal and Spain, where the grape and
the wines produced from it are known as Moscatel or
Muscatel. Moscatels made in these countries are typically
sweet and fortified. Among these wines is Moscatel de Setubal
a sweet fortified wine from the Setubal Peninsula in Portugal.
Moscatel de Favaios is a Moscatel from the Douro Region.
A Moscatel Madeira wine has also been produced on the island
of Madeira, although Moscatel has become increasingly rare
there over the last century.
sweet fortified Moscatels are produced in a number of regions,
notably Malaga and Jerez, and are sometimes made using the
solera system. A variety of muscat is one of the varietals
used in the production of sherry and according to Spanish
law, it is one of only three grapes varietals allowed for
is successfully grown in California's east-central San Joaquin
Valley, where orange muscat and black muscat varieties form
the basis of premium dessert wines.
also produces a number of sweet fortified vins doux naturels
from muscat grapes, such as Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, Muscat
de Rivesaltes, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Lunel, Muscat
de Mireval, and Muscat de St-Jean Minervois.
sweet fortified muscat wines are produced in the Rutherglen
region, with older wines made according to the solera system.
wine is also the basis for Pisco, a brandy-like drink made
in Peru and Chile, and Metaxa, a brandy-like drink made in
of Muscatel wine and mead is called Muscadore.
grapes contain a number of compounds that give muscat wines
their distinct flavor.
grapes have been found to have high concentrations of antioxidant
flavonoids, in quantities as high as many varieties of red
grapes. This means that the possible beneficial effects of
red wine consumption may also be present in muscat wines.
Wines by Country
Muscat has pride of place in north-east Victoria's Rutherglen
district, and is generally regarded to be one of the world's
greatest fortified wines. High quality Muscats are also produced
in other mainland states. Riverina producer Miranda makes
a raisined Muscat in passito style.
Muscat wines ranging from dry to very sweet are produced.
The grape is mostly grown in Southern Styria as "Muskateller".
Ottonel is grown in the Black Sea region and in the Danubian
Plain, while Muscatel is a well-known style in the Rose Valley.
dessert wines are also produced in Cyprus, analogous to those
produced in Greece. Also dessert wine from Black Muscat can
be found in Cyprus
Muscat is mostly grown in the region of South Moravia.
is best known for producing
Doux Naturels (Natural Sweet Wines) in Frontignan, Lunel,
Mireval, St Jean De Minervois, Rivesaltes, Beaumes de Venise
and Cap Corse.
Muscat is primarily dry, but can also be made in sweeter
styles (Vendange Tardive and Selection de Grains
dessert wines (moschato) are produced on Samos, Rhodes, Patras
and Cephalonia. Dry Muscat table wine is produced on Lemnos.
of towns are named Moschaton (ÎœÎ¿ÏƒÏ‡Î¬Ï„Î¿) after the Greek
name for the grapes.
Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains is grown mostly in Tokaj, Mátra
and Balaton wine regions under the name of Muscat Lunel or
Sárgamuskotály (Yellow Muscat) in Hungarian. Sárgamuskotály
wines can range from light, dry and refreshing to late harvest
sweet or even botrytized dry or sweet wines. Botrytized Sárgamuskotály
is often an ingredient in Tokaji sweet and "aszú" wines. Muscat
Ottonel used to be very popular once, but it is on the decline
now and rarely shows up as a quality wine.
(Moscato) grows throughout Italy in various forms. In dessert
form it is either passito or fortified, but it also
appears in sparkling wines (Asti spumante and Moscato d'Asti)
. One of the best is the Moscato di Trani, made on Adriatic
in the town of the same name in Apulia.
of Alexandria is grown in Okayama Prefecture for juices and
sweet white wines.
is used for dessert wines.
Muscat wines are produced in Tunisia and Morocco.
(Moscatel) makes the much-revered Moscatel de Setubal and
Moscatel de Favaios.
has Muscat plantings for various dry and sweet styles. Among
the most well known varieties of Muscat produced in Romania
are the wines from the regions Jidvei, Murfatlar and Dealu
wine producers offer various dry and sweet Muscat wines.
locally as Tamnjanika, sweet muscat wines have been popular
in Serbia since the Middle Ages.
They are grown mainly in the Zupa region of western Serbia,
near Mount Kopaonik and also in the Negotin region in the
Muscat (Moscatel (Spanish) or Moscatell (Catalan)) is produced
in Andalusia, the Valencian Community, Navarre, AragÃ³n and
Catalonia, and the Canary Islands.
also used to produce some dry white wines â€” sometimes
blended with other grape varieties.
is known as Muscadel or Hanepoot (Literally: Cockerel's
Foot, reputedly from the shape of the vine's leaves, although
there is a theory that it is a corruption of hanekloot
which means: Cockerel's Testicle from the shape of
the grapes themselves), and can be either red or white. Like
Australian Muscats, these can be high-quality fortified wines
while Constantia is known for late-harvest Muscat of great
grapes are produced in Ankara and Central Anatolian Region.
region is home to dessert wines of reverence, with white,
pink and black Muscat being given pride of place.
are muscat dessert wines from the black muscat and orange
muscat varietals that are produced by one premium winery in
California's Stanislaus County, an area better known for the
production of inexpensive bulk wine. Muscat wines produced
in California also include the Muscat de Beaulieu, a fortified
wine from the Napa Valley; the Conundrum wine, which is a
blend of Muscat, Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay;
and Vin de Glaciere, which is an artificial icewine made from
late harvest Muscat grapes. Carlo Rossi, a popular brand of
wine produced by Gallo Family Vineyards, produces its own
Red Muscat Wine. In Oregon, Muscat Ottonel is used by Purple
Cow Vineyards of Forest Grove, Oregon, which creates a dry,
fruity, aromatic white wine similar to those found in Alsace.
In New York's Finger Lakes Region Cayuga Ridge Estate Winery
produces an Orange Muscat dessert wine. A state that is not
as widely known to grow and bottle the muscat grape is Texas.
Messina Hoff Vineyards in Bryan Texas bottles a late harvest
Science of Wine Aroma
the Acids in Wine
(Tannins) in Wine
The Basic Wine Pairing Rules
Science of Food and Wine
a Wine Sommelier