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WHITE

Airén

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Gewürztraminer

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Muscat

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Pinot Gris

Riesling

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Sauvignon Blanc

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Torrontés

Trebbiano

Verdejo

Verdelho

Verdicchio

Viognier

TORRONTES WINE GRAPE

Torrontés is the characteristic white wine grape of Argentina, producing fresh, aromatic white wines.[1] Three Torrontes varieties exist in Argentina: Torrontés Riojano, the most common, Torrontés Sanjuanino, and Torrontés Mendocino. It is primarily Torrontes Riojano that has received attention for the quality of its wines, and is the variety used for most high-class Argentine wines simply labelled Torrontes. All three Argentine Torrontes varieties belong to the Criollas group of grape varieties, which is a term used for presumably American-born cultivars the European grapevine Vitis vinifera.There is also a Torrontes grape variety from Galicia in Spain, also known as Albillo Mayor, but it probably has no direct relationship to the Argentine Torrontes varieties.[2]

 

Wine description beautiful structure and acidity along with enticing fruit flavors --fruity, floral and yet still quite dry
Food pairing smoked meats, mild to medium-strong cheeses, and seafood. pairs well with spicy food
Origin Argentina but more likely Spain
Notable regions Argentina
Notable wines provinces of Catamarca, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan and Rio Negro

Pedigree and history

Recent research using DNA profiling has shown that the different Torrontés are genetically closely related but distinct grape varieties, and that Torrontes Riojano, Torrontes Sanjuanino, and Torontel (also known as Moscatel Amarillo) are all separate crossings of Mission (originally reported as Criolla Chica) and Muscat of Alexandria.[3][4][5] Torrontes Mendocino was found to probably be a crossing of Muscat of Alexandria and another, so far unidentified grape variety.[6] While the Muscat-like qualities of the Torrontes varieties meant that a relationship to Muscat of Alexandria had been expected, the presence of Mission or Criolla Chica in the pedigree was unexpected to the researchers.[7]

It is not known how Torrontes arrived in Argentina, but it seems to have been there a long time, suggesting that it and the other varieties of the Criollas group were brought by Spanish colonists, quite possibly missionaries.

Distribution and wines

Argentina

Around 8,700 hectares (21,000 acres) in Argentina have been planted with Torrontes Riojano, and 4,850 hectares (12,000 acres) with Torrontés Sanjuanino. Plantings in the very high altitudes (1700m+) of the Calchaques Valleys in the far north of Argentina have recently met with success. The vine is highly productive and is just under ten percent of all white grape plantings, however as a varietal, it makes up almost 20 percent of all white wine sold in Argentina (2008). The best Torrontés wines are said to come from the province of Salta in the north west of the country, and the grape thrives in cold dry conditions. It has a low acidity, smooth texture and is characterized by distinctive peach and apricot aromas on the nose.

Vine and viticulture

Torrontes likes dry, windswept conditions. Torrontes Riojano has large loose bunches of pale grapes; Torrontes Sanjuanino is similar. Torrontes Mendocino, however, has smaller, tighter bunches of darker yellow grapes.

 

See Also:

Home Wine Page
History of Wine
Classification of Wines
Science of Taste
The Science of Wine Aroma
About the Acids in Wine
Polyphenols (Tannins) in Wine
Oak in Wines
The Basic Wine Pairing Rules
Science of Food and Wine Pairing
Sugars in Wine
About Wine Tasting
Wine Tasting Terms
Storage of Wine
Aging of Wine
Wine Acessories
Headaches from Wine
About a Wine Sommelier

References

  1. Robinson, Jancis Vines, Grapes & Wines Mitchell Beazley 1986
  2. Albillo Mayor, Vitis International Variety Catalogue
  3. Torrontes Riojano, Vitis International Variety Catalogue
  4. Torrontes Sanjuanino, Vitis International Variety Catalogue
  5. Torontel, Vitis International Variety Catalogue
  6. Torrontes Mendocino, Vitis International Variety Catalogue
  7. Identity and Parentage of Torrontes Cultivars in Argentina, Cecilia B. Agüero, Jose G. Rodriguez, Liliana E. Martinez, Gerald S. Dangl, and Carole P. Meredith, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 54:4:318-321 (2003)
  8. Torrontes, Vitis International Variety Catalogue, accessed 2010-07-14

 

Some or all of this text has been obtained from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details). Disclaimers. Wikipedia is powered by MediaWiki, an open source wiki engine.

 

 



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