work of a sommelier is in the areas of wine procurement, wine
storage, wine cellar rotation, and expert service to wine customers.
may also be responsible for the development of wine lists,
and for the delivery of wine service and training for the other
restaurant staff. Working along with the culinary team, they
pair and suggest wines that will best complement each particular
food menu item. This entails the necessity for a deep knowledge
of how food and wine, beer, spirits and other beverages work
in harmony. A professional sommelier also works on the floor
of the restaurant and is in direct contact with restaurant patrons.
The sommelier has a responsibility to work within the taste
preference and budget parameters of the patron.
times, a sommelier's role may be considered broader than working
only with wines, and may encompass all aspects of the restaurant's
service, with an enhanced focus on wines, beers, spirits, soft-drinks,
cocktails, mineral waters, and tobaccos.
knife is an important tool of the sommelier.
vessel associated with sommeliers in the past.
word is French. It derives from Middle French where it referred
to a court official charged with transportation of supplies. This
use of the term dates to a period when pack animals would be
used to transport supplies. The Middle French probably finds
its origin in Old Provencal where a saumalier was a pack
animal driver. Sauma referred to a
pack animal or the load of a pack animal. In Late Latin, sagma
referred to a packsaddle.
is a job title potentially anyone may claim, becoming a certified
sommelier requires classes and an examination.
The certification is offered by a wide range of educators, and
a basic education may be attained for $800â€“3,750 over the
course of six months.
of Master Sommeliers, established in 1977, is the examining
body for the Master Sommelier Diploma, the Advanced Sommelier
Certificate, the Certified Sommelier Certificate, and the Introductory
Sommelier Certificate, and was created under the supervision
of the Vintners Company, The Institute of Masters of Wine, The
British Hotels & Restaurants Association, The Wine &
Spirit Association of Great Britain and The Wholesale Tobacco
The Court also offers an intermediate level of Education titled
"Advanced Sommelier Course" which invites carefully selected
candidates to sit and be both tested and educated in the rigors
of the Master Sommelier program. The course is generally offered
2-3 times per year and acceptance is highly controlled. Often
candidates will apply for 3-4 years before being offered a position.
The course is extreme in its preparation and testing for potential
Masters Candidates. The Guild of Sommeliers is a nonprofit membership
organization, created by a group of Master Sommeliers, to support
the development of the trade.[citation
to the British approach to wine education, the International Wine
Guild, based out of Denver, is an accredited wine college that
is approachable by those that are not only professionals in the
Hospitality industry but wine enthusiasts as well. The Guild was
founded in 1998 with a goal to provide wine education from entry
through Master level diploma programs to those willing to dedicate
themselves to develop the skills and knowledge base to be the
offers over 25 different professional courses, which includes
wine certifications for Certified Sommelier, Executive Sommelier,
Guild Wine Master and Master Wine Educator. The Guild is the
only entity to teach, train and provide certification for wine
instructors and wine judges as well as provide Sake and Spirit
Sommelier certifications. Guild programs are approved by the
American Culinary Federation (ACF) for continuing education,
as well as approved for the Department of Defense's MyCAA program
and veterans benefits. All Guild programs are based on a curriculum
taught by either Guild Wine Masters or a Master Candidates.
Guild programs are being offered in Texas (Central Texas, Dallas
& Houston), Denver, Washington, and China. Future cities
include Los Angeles, Chicago, Seattle and New York City.
Wine Guild was named by both the Wall Street Journal and Wine
& Food magazine as a top five wine school in the country
for professional wine education.
Master Sommelier Diploma was introduced in 1969, 171 people
from around the world had become Master Sommeliers by 2009.
Of these there were 74 active Master Sommeliers in the Americas,
25 in Europe, with a female contingent of 12, all based in the
By 2008, the diploma had been awarded to 167 professionals world
wide since its inception, 96 of these from North America, of
which 15 were women.
a few top catering schools offer a Sommelier's Diploma which
is regarded as the basic for French Sommeliers.
The International Wine Guild's Master program consists of
both Level III & IV courses. The following are the educational
requirements to obtain a Level III certification: Guild Wine
Master or Guild Master Cellar Manager (for the serious enthusiast).
* Completion of a Level II Certification program and the Senior Wine Instructor program.
* Advanced Wine and Food Pairing Course.
* Advanced Regional Series (France, Italy, New World)
* Advanced Blind Tasting Course.
* The Wine Business.
* Level III Written, tasting and practical Exams.
are the educational requirements to obtain a Level IV certification:
Guild Senior Wine Master. You must be in the wine and food industry
to obtain this certification.
* Completion of a Level III Certification program and Competition Wine Judge program.
* Fine Spirits (including a Fine Spirits Certification)
* Wines of Europe (Germany, Spain, Portugal, Greece)
* International Wine Markets and Management
* History of Wine: Ancient World
* History of Wine: Medieval World
* History of Wine: Europe from 1500 to the Present
* History of Wine: New World from 1500 to the Present
* Advanced Fortified Wines
* Level IV Written and Practical Exams.
of the Level IV Diploma program and Certification allows you
to be the prestigeous Master Wine Educator.
Science of Wine Aroma
the Acids in Wine
(Tannins) in Wine
The Basic Wine Pairing Rules
Science of Food and Wine
a Wine Sommelier