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Teaching and Learning Theories


Definition: based on the premise that cognition (learning) is the result of "mental construction." In other words, students learn by fitting new information together with what they already know.

Also referred to as: student-centered,""child-centered," "learner-centered," "discovery-based," "self-directed,"

Supporting Articles:
An Interpretation Construction Approach to Constructivist Design
In Search of Brain-Based Education
from Piaget to Papert
Additional Articles on Constructivism

Constructivist Models
Constructivism in Practice: The Case for Meaning-Making in the Virtual World
The Learning Connection

Constructivist Models
PBL Buck Institute
The Project Approach ERIC

Direct instruction by a teacher employing objectives and lesson plans related to an overall curriculum guide in order to teach specific content, customarily using the lecture method. Knowledge is in possession of the instructor.explicit teaching

Also referred to as: "direct instruction," "masterylearning," "explicit teaching," or "precision teaching,"

Supporting Articles
Education That Works: The Child is Always Right
Instruction The Tyranny of Dogma
Effective Schooling Practices:
A Research Synthesis 1995 Update

Direct Instruction-Research Proven

Direct Instruction Models
Direct Instruction: Robert Slavin's Model

For an excellent overview see:
Education Reform 1995-1996 - Chester E. Finn Jr. and Diane Ravitch A Report from the Educational Excellence Network Edinformatics Select!

Teaching Organizations


National Council of Teacher of Mathematics --
National Science Teachers Association
National Council for the Social Studies
Natl. Council for Accreditation...
National Council of English Teachers
International Reading Assoc.

Staff Development Resource Centers and Councils

National Staff Development Council SEDL Newsletter Professional Resources for Teachers Cntr. for the Future of Teaching&Learning National Education Service


Apple Staff Development Online
IBM for Educators

Organizations dedicated to reform

RAND Education Center
The Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning
Int. Evaluation of Educational Achievement - (IAEE), Netherlands
Education Research (europe): -NFER
Thomas B. Fordham Foundation
National Center for Policy Analysis
Annenberg Institute for School Reform
The Regional Educational Laboratories
A National Network of Regional Educational Laboratories
Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At-Risk (CRESPAR)
Mathematically Correct Edinformatics Select!


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