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Gaming Cage Workers -- Cage Cashiers

Significant Points
  • Job opportunities are available nationwide and are no longer limited to Nevada and New Jersey.
  • Most employers prefer applicants who have at least a high school diploma as well as experience in handling money or previous casino employment.
  • Workers need a license issued by a regulatory agency, such as a State casino control board or commission; licensure requires proof of residency in the State in which gaming workers are employed and a background investigation.

    Nature of the Work

    Gaming cage workers, more commonly called cage cashiers, work in casinos and other gaming establishments. The “cage” where these workers can be found is the central depository for money, gaming chips, and paperwork necessary to support casino play.

    Cage workers carry out a wide range of financial transactions and handle any paperwork that may be required. They perform credit checks and verify credit references for people who want to open a house credit account. They cash checks according to rules established by the casino. Cage workers sell gambling chips, tokens, or tickets to patrons or to other workers for resale to patrons and exchange chips and tokens for cash. They may use cash registers, adding machines, or computers to calculate and record transactions. At the end of their shift, cage cashiers must balance the books.

    Because gaming establishments are closely scrutinized, cage workers must follow a number of rules and regulations related to their handling of money. For example, they monitor large cash transactions for money laundering and tax purposes, and report these transactions to the Internal Revenue Service. Also, in determining when to extend credit or cash a check, cage workers must follow detailed procedures.

    Working Conditions

    The atmosphere in casinos is often considered glamorous. However, casino work can also be physically demanding. This occupation requires workers to stand for long periods with constant reaching and grabbing. Sometimes cage workers may be expected to lift and carry relatively heavy items. The casino atmosphere exposes workers to certain hazards, such as cigarette, cigar, and pipe smoke. Noise from slot machines, gaming tables, and talking workers and patrons may be distracting to some, although workers wear protective headgear in areas where loud machinery is used to count money.

    Most casinos are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and offer three staggered shifts. Casinos typically require cage workers to work on nights, weekends, and holidays.

    Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement

    There usually are no minimum educational requirements, although most employers prefer at least a high school diploma or the equivalent. Experience in handling money or previous casino employment also is preferred. Prospective gaming cage workers are sometimes required to pass a basic math test. Good customer service skills and computer proficiency are also necessary for this occupation. Each casino establishes its own requirements for education, training, and experience.

    Once hired, gaming cage workers usually receive on-the-job training. Under the guidance of a supervisor or other senior worker, new employees learn company procedures. Some formal classroom training also may be necessary, such as training in specific gaming regulations and procedures. Gaming cage workers must be careful, orderly, and detail-oriented in order to avoid making errors and to recognize errors made by others. These workers also should be discreet and trustworthy, because they frequently come in contact with confidential material.

    All gaming workers are required to have a license issued by a regulatory agency, such as a State casino control board or commission. Applicants for a license must provide photo identification, offer proof of residency in the State in which they anticipate working, and pay a fee. Age requirements vary by State. The licensing application process also includes a background investigation.


    Gaming cage workers held about 20,000 jobs in 2004. All of these individuals work in establishments that offer gaming, and employment is concentrated in Nevada and Atlantic City, New Jersey. However, a growing number of States and Indian reservations have legalized gambling, and gaming establishments can now be found in many parts of the country.

    Job Outlook

    Employment of gaming cage workers is expected to increase about as fast as average for all occupations through 2014. The outlook for gaming cage workers depends on the demand for gaming, which is expected to remain strong. No longer confined to Nevada and New Jersey, gaming is becoming legalized in more States that consider gaming an effective way to increase revenues. A substantial portion of this growth will come from the construction of new Indian casinos and “racinos,” which are race tracks that offer casino games.

    Gaming cage workers, however, will have fewer job opportunities than others in gaming establishments, as casinos find ways to reduce the amount of cash handled by employees. For example, self-serve cash-out and change machines are common along with automated teller machines. In addition, slot machines are now able to make payouts in tickets, instead of coins, which can be read by other slot machines and the amount on the ticket transferred to the new machine. These technologies reduce the amount of cash needed to play and speed up the exchange process, which means less workers are needed to handle the cage than in the past. However, a fair number of openings will result from high turnover in this occupation, due to the high level of scrutiny workers receive and the need to be accurate. Persons with good mathematics abilities, previous casino experience, some background in accounting or bookkeeping, and good customer service skills should have the best opportunities.


    Wage earnings for gaming cage workers vary according to level of experience, training, location, and size of the gaming establishment. Median hourly earnings of gaming cage workers were $10.74 in May 2004. The middle 50 percent earned between $9.24 and $12.85 an hour. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $7.91, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $14.99 an hour.

    Related Occupations

    Many other occupations provide hospitality and customer service. Some examples of related occupations are credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks; gaming service occupations; sales worker supervisors; cashiers; retail salespersons; and tellers.

    Sources of Additional Information

    Information on employment opportunities for gaming cage workers is available from local offices of the State employment service.

    Information on careers in gaming also is available from:

    • Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2006-07 Edition

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