If you've ever surfed the Internet, you already know something
about what webmasters do. Webmasters make web sites. They turn
words and art into Internet sites that people can use. They give
computers instructions about how words and art should look on
the computer screen.
They make sure that people with different computers can use a
web site. They might build a site in a few different ways so that
it is easy for different computers to understand.
Webmasters also try to make sites work faster. They keep the
size of files as small as they can so that it doesn't take a lot
of time for a computer to download.
Webmasters test web sites, too. They watch people using a site
to see if there are any parts that are hard to use. If there are
hard parts, Webmasters fix them. Some of these workers also meet
with designers, helping to decide how a site should look and work.
They also update web sites. They spend a lot of time adding new
things to the site. They fix mistakes, like links that don't work
and pictures that don't show up on the screen.
Some webmasters decide what kind of computer will hold a web
site's information. And they decide how the information in a web
site will get to the Internet. They pick the kind of software,
server, and other equipment that will be used. They also decide
when information will be sent to the Internet.
Webmasters use computer software to do their jobs. They might
learn to use many different types of software. Webmasters can
also make a web site by typing direct instructions in HyperText
Markup Language (HTML) or some other programming language.
Webmasters do the technical, computer programming work to make
a web site. They work with artists, writers, and designers who
create the things that go on the site and decide how the site
Webmasters are only one kind of network systems and data communications
analyst. All of these analysts connect computers to each other
so that they can share information. Local Area Network analysts,
for example, connect computers that belong to single company or
school so that those computers can share private information with
each other. They might set up an e-mail system or a way for people
to work together on the same paper.
Analysts start by planning the system. They make a model of how
the computers will be connected. They test the system to see if
it is fast and private. They also give managers advice about what
kinds of hardware (computers, printers, monitors) and software
(computer programs) to buy.
Other analysts, called telecommunications specialists, connect
computers to telephones and video machines.
Webmasters and other analysts usually work in offices or computer
labs. Some work from home. Sometimes, they work in the evenings
or on weekends to solve important problems with a computer system.
Sitting in front of a computer all day can hurt some workers'
wrists and eyes.
Many workers like their jobs because they like computers and
solving problems. They also like the chance to make creative Web
Some of these workers go to college for 2 years and get an associate
degree. Other people need a 4-year bachelor's degree to get their
jobs, especially if the job is complicated, high paying, or includes
being in charge of other people. In college, webmasters learn
about computers, the Internet, and communications. They also study
math to strengthen their problem-solving skills and English so
that they can write well at work. Many webmasters also study art
and design so that they can work better with the artists and designers
that help to make web sites.
Experience with computers is also very important. Employers look
for people who know how to use specific types of software. They
also want workers who are good at learning new computer skills.
Getting a certification-a certificate that shows you have specific
skills-can also help people get jobs. In order to get a certification,
people usually take classes and then pass a test. Companies and
organizations offer certifications. You can learn more about them
at a career center, college, or library or by contacting organizations
that employ computer workers.
Students can start getting ready now by taking computer classes,
reading computer books, and teaching themselves new skills, especially
skills related to the web sites and computer networks. They can
also practice solving problems by taking math and science classes.
Students also can practice communication skills by studying English
and learning how to work as part of a team.
|How much does this job pay?
The middle half of all network systems and data communication
analysts earned between $44,850 and $74,290 in 2002. The lowest-paid
10 percent made less than $34,880. The highest-paid 10 percent
made more than $92,110.
There were 186,000 network systems and data communications analysts
in 2002. Some were webmasters.
They worked for Internet businesses, other businesses, schools,
and governments. Some worked for many different companies, doing
specific projects for each one. Some of these workers have their
This occupation is expected to be one of the fastest growing
between 2002 and 2012. The number of jobs is expected to grow
much faster than the average for all occupations. That's because
more companies are using the Internet to do business. Companies
will need Webmasters to help make it easier to share information
across computers. New technologies, such as wireless networks,
will also lead to more jobs.
People with the latest skills are expected to have excellent
|Are there other jobs like this?
- Computer and information systems managers
- Computer programmers
- Computer software engineers
|Where can you find more information?
More information about computer systems analysts, database administrators,
and computer scientists can be found in the Careers
Occupational Outlook Handbook -- U.S. Department of Labor Bureau
of Labor Statistics