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What causes poor posture?

Poor posture results from certain muscles tightening up or shortening while others lengthen and become weak which often occurs as a result of one’s daily activities. There are however, other factors which can impact on posture and they include, other biomechanical factors such as force and repetition, but more importantly it also includes psychosocial factors such as job stress/strain. Workers who have higher job stress are more likely to develop neck and shoulder symptoms.

Poor posture can show up in a few different ways:

It can present with rounded and elevated shoulders and a push-forward head position. This position places stress on the spine between the top of the neck and skull and the base of the neck and upper shoulders. There is also a reduction in the stability of the shoulder blades resulting in changes to movement pattern of the upper extremities.

It can also present with a forward tilting of the hips, an increase in the curve of the lumbar (lower back) spine and a protruding stomach. This position places stress over both of the hip joints and lower back.

Poor posture can also result in spinal and joint dysfunction as a result of these muscle changes.

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