Speed or Velocity?
Speed is the rate of motion, or the rate of change of position. It is expressed as distance moved (d) per unit of time(t). Speed is a scalar quantity with dimensions distance/time. Speed is measured in the same physical units of measurement as velocity, but does not contain an element of direction. Speed is thus the magnitude component of velocity. Velocity contains both the magnitude and direction components.
Common speeds of moving objects
For human beings, an average walking speed is about 3 mph (~5 km/h, 1.39m/s),
The speed of long distance jogging for average persons is about 6 mph (~10 km/h, 2.7 m/s).
Top athletic sprinters can run at 23.03 mph (~36.85 km/h, 10.24 m/s) within a short distance such as a 200 meters dash.
Cycling can average 12 mph (~20 km/h, 5.56 m/s)
Car can average 65 mph (~104 km/h, 28.9 m/s ) on highway
A 747 Airplane has an average speed 565 mi/hr
Acceleration, (symbol: a) is defined as the rate of change of velocity. It is thus a vector quantity with dimension length/time². In SI units, acceleration is measured in meters/second².
To accelerate an object is to change its velocity, which is accomplished by altering either its speed or direction (like in case of uniform circular motion) in relation to time. Acceleration can have positive and negative values. Any time that the sign (+ or -) of the acceleration is the same as the sign of the velocity, the object will speed up. If the signs are opposite, the object will slow down. Acceleration is a vector quantity. When either velocity or direction changes, there is acceleration (or deceleration).
To accelerate an object requires the application of a force.
Graphing Velocity and AccelerationA car accelerates from rest. The following two graphs are created using a java applet (see below).
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