Nice Economy and Demographics
Nice Convention Center
is the seat of Chambre de commerce et d'industrie Nice Côte d'Azur. It manages
both the Nice Côte d'Azur Airport, the Cannes-Mandelieu Airport as well as the
Port of Nice.
has the second market of national interest of France, the first port cement-manufacturer
of France as well as a great number of museums and hotels.
is the second most popular French city among tourists after Paris, which, combined
with the difficulties of the terrestrial communications at long distance (because
of the Alpes), allows Nice to have the second busiest airport of France in terms
of passenger numbers (close to 10,000,000 passengers in 2005).
has two conference centres, Palais des Congrès Acropolis and Palais des Congrès
de Nice. Nice has several business parks; l' Arenas, Nice the Plain, Nice Méridia,
Saint Isidore, Northern Forum. There are also several shopping centres in Nice
like Nice Star, Nice TNL, Nice Lingostière, Northern Forum, St-Isidore, the Trinity
(around the Auchan hypermarket) and Cape 3000 with Saint-Laurent-du-Var.
Antipolis is a technology park northwest of Antibes. Much of the park is within
the commune of Valbonne. Established between 1970 and 1984, it primarily houses
companies in the fields of computing, electronics, pharmacology and biotechnology.
Several institutions of higher learning are also located here, along with the
European headquarters of W3C.
Antipolis is named after Sophie Glikman-Toumarkine, the wife of French Senator
Pierre Laffitte, founder of the park, and incidentally, Sophia, the goddess of
wisdom, and Antipolis, the ancient Greek name of Antibes.
to the estimates of INSEE, the population of Nice was 347,900 inhabitants on January
1 2005. Nice is thus the fifth largest city in France, behind Paris, Marseilles,
Lyon and Toulouse. The Agglomeration of Nice, defined by INSEE, is home to 888,784
inhabitants (fifth of France) and its urban surface totals 933,080 inhabitants,
which makes it the sixth largest in France.
city saw a big demographic rise in second half of the 19th century, a period when
the population more than doubled, mainly due to Italian immigration. At the beginning
of the 20th century, this rise intensified with the arrival of internal immigrants
from the County of Nice itself.
the First World War, the city had a strong increase in population. Immigration
was again the reason of this growth. The hotel industry and that of the construction
industry, in full strength in the 1920s, attracted world more and more and thus
made it possible for Nice to become a town of national importance. In 1921, Nice
then became the eleventh town of France, then in 1931, the eighth, before being
classified with the sixth rank in 1946. The population increased very quickly
in the 1950s, with the arrival of sixty thousand people. Thereafter, the city
reached its current demographic level thanks to the repatriates of old French
colonies, in particular those from Algeria.
the 1970s, the number of inhabitants has not changed significantly; the relatively
high migration to Nice is compensated by a negative natural increase of the population.
Nice has a high proportion of elderly people.
the population of the city is growing again, the reason of which is undoubtedly
heliotropism. Nice is projected to have 350000 citizens in 2005, 360000 in 2008,
370000 in 2012.
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